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OR gate

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INPUT
A   B
OUTPUT
A OR B
0 0 0
0 1 1
1 0 1
1 1 1

The OR gate is a digital logic gate that implements logical disjunction - it behaves according to the truth table to the right. A HIGH output (1) results if one or both the inputs to the gate are HIGH (1). If neither input is HIGH, a LOW output (0) results.



Symbols Edit

There are two symbols for OR gates: the 'military' symbol and the 'rectangular' symbol. For more information see Logic Gate Symbols

Or-gate-en

'Military' OR Symbol

IEC OR

'Rectangular' OR Symbol



File:CMOS 4071 diagram.svg

Hardware Description and Pinout Edit

OR Gates are basic logic gates, and as such they are recognised in TTL and CMOS ICs. The standard, 4000 series, CMOS IC is the 4071, which includes four independent, two-input, OR gates.

This device is available from most semiconductor manufacturers. It is usually available in both through-hole DIL and SOIC format. Datasheets are readily available in most Datasheet Databases.

As well as the standard 2-Input OR Gate, 3- and 4-Input OR Gates are also available:

  • 4075: Triple 3-Input OR Gate
  • 4072: Dual 4-Input OR Gate

TTL:

  • 74LS32: Quad 2-input OR gate

ImplementationsEdit

File:NMOS OR.png
File:PMOS OR.png

Alternatives Edit

OR Using NAND

OR Gate Constructed Using Only NAND Gates

If no specific OR gates are available, one can be made from NAND gates in the configuration shown below. Any logic gate can be made from a combination of NAND gates

With active-low open-collector logic outputs, as used for control signals in many circuits, an OR function can be produced by wiring together several outputs. This arrangement is called a wired OR

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